Motivation

5 Dec

I believe that John Keller’s ARCS Model holds valuable insight into creating an environment that can inspire student motivation to learn.  Keller identifies four essential conditions:

AAttention What will grab students’ attention, arouse their curiosity and peak their interest?  This may come from the content but it can also come from the processes we use to teach.  Inquiry, problem solving, collaborative learning and choice can be very effective in motivating students to want to engage in learning.

RRelevance What is the link between the learning and the learners’ needs, interests, and motives?  Why would they want or need to learn this?  Just like in attention, relevance can come from the content and/or the processes we use.  Students may see a direct link between what we are teaching and their lives outside of the school.  They might also see relevance in opportunities that allow them to engage with others and socially construct their learning.

CConfidence What can be put in place to help the learner feel like they can succeed in the task?  What can make them feel like they have something to contribute? This is where the teacher really needs to know the students.  Know their strengths and capitalize on them.  Know their weaknesses and support them.  Create an environment where “I think I can” is the motto.

SSatisfaction How can we celebrate the learning? the learner? the contributions that created success?  Sometimes this celebration can simply happen inside of the learner as they acknowledge a job well done.  Sometimes we as teacher need to create the conditions where this celebration can happen out loud.  Either way we need make time to honor the learning and the accomplishments of the learner.

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