I have an academic interest about what is good learning in a classroom. The idea that a quiet class is not necessarily one of learning. Alan November wrote an excellent book about teaching and learning titled, Who Owns the Learning (2012).When I visit and observe classrooms, this is the question I ask myself. Simply Who owns the Learning? Who is this lesson about? The answer to this single question helps you determine if you are observing schooling or a culture of learning. Student contribution comes in the form of project-based learning. You can also see student contribution when a group of middle school students are making a video in science class, rather than watching a video. When students participate in a kahoot or padlet, you can hear students push back and ask clarifying questions. In a classroom where three students are designing a product, based on an authentic task you can see that students are applying their skills and demonstrating their understanding. I often ask myself “Are the students being compliant or contributing?” Sometimes I feel it is the former. What does your school look like?